"What after all, has maintained the human race on this old globe despite all the calamities of nature and all the tragic failings of mankind, if not faith in new possibilities, and courage to advocate them." Peace and Bread in Time of War.
In 1898, Jane Addams joined the Anti-Imperialist League, in opposition to the U.S. annexation of the Philippines. A staunch supporter of the 'Progressive' Party, she nominated Theodore Roosevelt for the Presidency during the Party Convention, held in Chicago in August 1912.
In January 1915, Jane Addams was elected the national chairman of the Woman's Peace Party and was invited by by European women peace activists to preside over the International Congress of Women in The Hague, April 1915. The delegation included meeting those of declared neutral countries, as well as those currently at war, to discuss a proper end to the conflict, and was the first significant international effort against the war. Jeannette Rankin, the first woman elected to Congress, was another fierce advocate of pacifism, the only person to vote no to America's entrance into both World Wars.